Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region

Species Systematics and Information Management Priorities by James E. Maragos

Publisher: East-West Center

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 609
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  • History: American,
  • Marine biodiversity,
  • Marine biodiversity conservation,
  • Congresses,
  • Marine organisms,
  • Oceania
The Physical Object
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL8328539M
ISBN 100866381848
ISBN 109780866381840

The Las Perlas Islands in the Gulf of Panama are one of two archipelagos in the Tropical Eastern Pacific. The other is the Galapagos. The Las Perlas Marine Special Management Zone, created under Panama’s Law 18 in May , is the most recent addition to a major regional marine conservation corridor extending from Costa Rica to Ecuador. Utilization of coastal molluscan resources in the tropical insular Pacific and its impacts on biodiversity. Workshop Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in Tropical Island Pacific Region, Pacific Science Assoc, Honolulu, HI. 19 pp. Radtke, R. Population dynamics of the . Coastal and marine ecosystem 26 Status 26 Threats 27 Islands biodiversity is increasingly being recognized as forming part of the important global tropical rain forest remaining in the Asia Pacific region. With the reduction of tropical. In the Pacific islands, the total mangrove area is about , ha, with largest areas in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji and New Caledonia. A total of 34 species of mangroves are found.

  Forests of the Pacific Islands have been gradually reduced by subsistence agriculture, collection of fuelwood, and use of wood as building material, but today deforestation is heightened by tropical timber harvesting. Solomon Islands The Solomon Islands are an archipelago east of New Guinea with a land area of 28, square kilometers,   The Pacific Island region is an ideal setting for case studies on the invasion history of macroalgae in tropical coastal waters. Many textbook examples of algal invasions in this region demonstrate their significant ecological impacts on native reef communities. In light of increased maritime traffic as a potential anthropogenic dispersal mechanism for nonindigenous marine algae between. The book has 21 chapters, and is based on a conference "Biodiversity Crisis on Tropical Islands" held in the University of Brunei Darussalam in , supplemented by invited keynote contributions. Reprinted from Biodiversity and Conservation (). coastal zones, high marine biodiversity and rich marine and coastal resources. It is a region of high diversity, particularly for corals (Veron, ) and reef fish (McAllister et al., ) but lack of solid taxonomic work in the region means that it is difficult to compare it to other parts of the world.

  For generations, the Asia-Pacific region has thrived on our seas. The seas provide food, livelihoods and a sense of identity, especially for coastal communities in the Pacific island states. Although the endemism and biodiversity in Madagascar is higher on a global basis, these remaining unlogged and/or uncleared forest areas of the Solomon Islands are of equally outstanding conservation value for the survival of the country's unique biodiversity in the context of the western Pacific and eastern Melanesia. Ecosystems of Bel Ombre From ridge to reef Origins of native terrestrial and marine biodiversity Mauritius along with the other Mascarene islands have emerged as a result of gigantic underwater volcanic eruptions to the East of the African and Malagasy continental plate. It is estimated that Mauritius itself started to emerge 8 million years ago, and Reunion island 5 million. documenting biodiversity in tropical marine ecosystems Despite extensive reports of large-scale change in coral reef systems, the scientific, conservation, and management community does not currently have the capability to investigate every region or problem that gains public attention.

Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region by James E. Maragos Download PDF EPUB FB2

Marine and coastal biodiversity in the tropical island Pacific region. Honolulu, HI: Program on Environment, East-West Center: Ocean Policy Institute, Pacific Forum/CSIS: Pacific Science Association, © Marine and Coastal Biodiversity of the Tropical Island Pacific Region Presents the edited papers and proceedings of the first two workshops, held in November at the East-West Center.

Keep up-to-date with NHBS products, news and offers. Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region: Volume 1 - Species Systematics and Information management Priorities Author: James E.

Maragos Keywords: marine organisms oceania species diversity biological diversity conservation Created Date:. Title: Marine and coastal biodiversity management in the Pacific island countries and atolls Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Country: Pacific island region: Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu Lead executing agency: Secretariat of the Pacific Regional.

Project description. Title: Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Management in Pacific Island Countries (MACBIO) Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) Countries: Pacific island region: Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu Lead executing agency: Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme.

Abstract. Tropical islands comprising small island developing states and small islands of continental countries located in the tropical region are very unique in terms of its biodiversity, resource endowments, climate and socio-economic profile.

South American marine biodiversity is least well known in the Tropical East Pacific (with the exception of Costa Rica and Panama) and the Tropical West Atlantic, although the latter subregion has a slightly higher diversity when the total number of species is standardized by coastal length—nearly species in km of coast (Table 7).

Cortés J () Marine biodiversity of an eastern tropical Pacific oceanic island, Isla del Coco. Costa Rica. Rev Biol Trop 60(Suppl 3)– Google Scholar. forests and the loss of coastal and mangrove biodiversity is a serious problem throughout the Pacific.

The major causes are conversion or reclamation of coastal vegetation and mangroves for other, often agricultural, urban or industrial uses. On many smaller islands, and in some coastal areas on larger islands, thousands of years of.

The Category 5 Tropical Cyclone Winston was the strongest on record for Fiji and the South Pacific Basin with winds up to km/h and gusts of km/h, causing loss and damage in the order of US$ million across all sectors including infrastructure, agricultural systems, and coastal ecosystems (Government of Fiji, ).

Other cyclones. A field guide to marine invertebrates occurring on tropical Pacific Coral reefs, seagrass Kelly-Borges, M. and Valentine, C. () The sponges of tropical island region of Oceania: a J.E. and Takeuchi, H.F. (eds) Marine and coastal biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region.

Volume 1—species systematics and information. Pyle RL () Chapter Pacific reef and shore fishes. In: Maragos JE, Peterson MNA, Eldredge LG, Bardach JE, Takeuchi HF (eds) Marine and coastal biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region.

Species Systematics and Information Management Priorities. Program on Environment, East-West Center, Honolulu, pp – Google Scholar. Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands provides comprehensive information on climate change, biodiversity, possible impacts, adaptation measures and policy challenges to help users rehabilitate and preserve the natural resources of tropical islands.

While biodiversity and climate change of tropical islands has previously received less attention, it is ironically one of. Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region. Volume 1: Species Systematics and Information Management Priorities. Pacific Science Association/east West Centre, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Coles RG and Lee Long WJ (). ‘Seagrasses’. In: Marine/Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region: Volume 2. Pacific Marine Climate Change Report Card Commonwealth Marine.

Economies Programme. This report card provides a summary of climate change impacts on coasts and seas in the Pacific island region, and how Pacific islands can respond. The islands in the AIMS region are extremely ecologically diverse and feature numerous ecosystems and biomes.

Coastal and marine habitats include beaches, dunes, coral reefs, and man-groves. AIMS are host to “reef islands,” where coastal vegetation, like mangroves, protect shores which could otherwise be vulnerable to erosion. Coastal biodiversity is strongly influenced by the physical and geological history of these coasts.

The eastern tropical Pacific region, which encompasses the continental coasts of southern Central America (Costa Rica and Panama) and of northwestern South America (Colombia and Ecuador) is characterized by cliffs alternating with pocket beaches.

Biodiversity conservation is a NOWPAP priority during with a Regional Action Plan on Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Conservation to be prepared by NOWPAP work on marine and coastal biodiversity conservation supports regional progress towards SDG Targets and as well as several targets of SDGs 6, 13, 14 and Read more.

Objectives: The Eastern Tropical Pacific Marine Corridor (CMAR) is a regional and cross-border initiative for the conservation and sustainable use of the region’s marine and coastal resources. The aim is to properly manage the Eastern Tropical Pacific’s biodiversity.

By analyzing susceptibility variables, developing comprehensive vulnerability indexes, and applying GIS techniques, the book's authors demonstrate the particular issues presented by climate change in the islands of the Pacific region, and how these issues may be managed to preserve and improve biodiversity and human livelihoods.

The book first. Request PDF | On Jan 1,Jeff Kinch and others published Outlook Report on the State of the Marine Biodiversity in the Pacific Islands Region | Find, read and cite all the research you need.

The Pacific islands region has one of the richest complexes of marine and terrestrial ecosystems on Earth with habitats ranging from mountain forests to volcanic islands, low-lying coral atolls and the open ocean. Hundreds of plants and animals that inhabit our region are found nowhere else on the planet.

On this summer study abroad program, snorkel and hike through the diverse environments of Bocas – from coral reefs and mangroves to beaches and rainforests – and study human impacts, such as tourism, on the island’s ecosystems and communities.

Meet the local residents who depend on both tourism and natural resources and learn about current approaches to sustainable development in the. Guided by the previous study, we analyzed maximal and median body sizes of species assemblages from high vs.

low islands from the West Central Pacific and CP. High islands support species of significantly larger body size than low islands in these regions (F =df = 40, P = ; type 3 ANOVA of fixed effects for region, island height, and.

The ESA-IO region includes island and coastal States with extensive coastlines, offshore islands and exclusive economic zones rich in natural resources, characterized by the presence of migratory emblematic species, which are globally threatened such as nesting seabirds, sea turtles, marine mammals, etc (source: International Union for the Conservation of Nature, IUCN), but highly vulnerable.

About this book. Previously published in Biodiversity and Conservation 19(2), Tropical Islands Biodiversity Crisis: The Indo-West Pacific assesses the issues facing biodiversity maintenance on tropical islands, and the impacts of biodiversity loss.

The emphasis is on the Indo-West Pacific region, which includes many small islands where the biodiversity is under threat as a result of not. PACIFIC MARINE CLIMATE CHANGE REPORT CARD.

Science Review pp Effects of Climate Change Relevant to the Pacific Islands. Ella. The Pacific region covers a vast ocean basin with a complex network of islands, atolls and seamounts of both large and small size. These ecosystems provide potential deep-water and coastal habitats for many species of marine mammals, including dugongs, sea lions, baleen whales and toothed whales.

Introduction. Persistent questions remain regarding the origins of the uneven distribution of marine species richness across the tropical Indo-Pacific, despite numerous relevant ecological and biogeographical studies and an urgent need to improve conservation particular, explanations for the Coral Triangle epicenter of marine biodiversity have received more attention in the.

The Pacific/Chocó natural region is one of the five major natural regions of ically, this region belongs entirely to the Chocó Biogeographic Region and is considered a biodiversity also has areas with the highest rainfall in the world, with areas near Quibdo, Chocó reaching up to 13, mm ( in) annually.

Broadening reef protection across the Marine Conservation Corridor of the Eastern Tropical Pacific: distribution and diversity of reefs in Las Perlas Archipelago, Panama - Volume 35 Issue 1 - HECTOR M.

GUZMAN, SARAH BENFIELD, ODALISCA BREEDY, JAMES M. MAIR.Marine Biodiversity of the Coastal Zones in the NW Pacific: Status, Regional Threats, Expected Changes change research in the region. Three books and 12 papers publushed as a result of from Jeju Island, marine species and 57 land and freshwater species.

There. This paper provides an analysis of the distribution patterns of marine biodiversity and summarizes the major activities of the Census of Marine Life program in the Caribbean region.

The coastal Caribbean region is a large marine ecosystem (LME) characterized by coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrasses, but including other environments, such as sandy beaches and rocky shores.

These tropical.